Neurology India, Vol. 52, No. 3, July-September, 2004, pp. 407
Moving bullet syndrome
Ratilal Bernardo, Vara Luiz Carlos
Department of Neurosurgery of Hospital Sao Jose, Lisbon
Code Number: ni04145
An eighteen-year-old girl presented a left occipital gunshot wound. At admission, she was fully conscious and the neurological examination revealed a stiff neck and a right hemianopsia. CT scan demonstrated a bullet in the left occipital lobe [Figure - 1]. Conservative treatment was adopted and the patient was advised to lie in dorsal decubitus position. By the second day she began complaining of an increasing headache. On the third day, CT scan showed that the bullet had migrated backwards and was located adjacent to the inner table of the left occipital vault [Figure - 2]. A decision was taken to remove the bullet by surgery. A small left occipital craniotomy was performed and the bullet was located 1cm from the cortical surface. The postoperative course was uneventful. At follow-up after 3 months, the patient was asymptomatic.
The spontaneous migration of bullets within the brain as a consequence of gravity has been reported sporadically.,
In the patient treated conservatively, the resting position should be dictated in order to avoid an eventual migrating bullet to eloquent regions of the brain causing additional neurological deficits.
Copyright 2004 - Neurology India
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