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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 27, No. 3, 2020, pp. 75-83
Bioline Code: mj20032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2020, pp. 75-83

 en The Predictor Role of Perceived Social Support and Spiritual Intelligence in Hope Among Thalassemia Patients
Pasyar, Nilofar; Rambod, Masoume & Behrouzi, Zahra


Background: Thalassemia is a prevalent chronic blood disorder, which is accompanied with a wide range of challenges. This study aimed to determine the predictor role of perceived social support and spiritual intelligence in hope among thalassemia patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 thalassemia patients. The data were collected using Miller hope scale, spiritual intelligence scale, and personal resource questionnaire. The data were analysed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.
Results: The results indicated that the mean score of hope was 173.38 (standard deviation [SD] = 24.6). Besides, 86.7% of the patients showed high levels of hope. The mean score of spiritual intelligence was 134.66 (SD = 18.07). In addition, 91.7% of the patients showed moderate levels of spiritual intelligence. The mean score of social support was 127.87 (SD = 20.19) and the patients showed high social support levels. The results revealed a significant association between hope and perceived social support (r = 0.65, P < 0.001) as well as between hope and spiritual intelligence (r = 0.63, P < 0.001). Moreover, perceived social support (b = 0.43, P < 0.001) and spiritual intelligence (b = 0.37, P < 0.001) were the predictors of hope among thalassemia patients.
Conclusion: Considering the study results, in addition to common treatments for thalassemia, policymakers’ are recommended to pay attention to spiritual intelligence and more importantly social support to enhance thalassemia patients’ hope.

hope; thalassemia; perceived social support; spiritual intelligence

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