Sporotrichosis is caused by species of the genus Sporothrix
. From 1998 to 2015, 4,703 cats were diagnosed at the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Even after the description of the Sporothrix
species, the characterisation of feline isolates is not performed routinely.
To characterise the clinical isolates from cats at the species level and correlate them with the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the cats.
Forty seven Sporothrix
spp. isolates from cats assisted at Fiocruz from 2010 to 2011 were included. Medical records were consulted to obtain the clinical and epidemiological data. The isolates were identified through their morphological and physiological characteristics. T3B polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting was used for molecular identification of the species.
In phenotypic tests, 34 isolates were characterised as S. brasiliensis
, one as S. schenckii
and 12 as Sporothrix
spp. PCR identified all isolates as S. brasiliensis
MAIN CONCLUSIONS S. brasiliensis
is the only etiological agent of feline sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro to date. None association was found between the isolates and the clinical and epidemiological data. In addition, we strongly recommend the use of molecular techniques for the identification of isolates of Sporothrix