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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 90, No. 2, 1995, pp. 277-280
Bioline Code: oc95054
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 90, No. 2, 1995, pp. 277-280

 en Acute Human Schistosomiasis Mansoni
Ana Rabello


The acute schistosomiasis is the toxemic disease that follow
the Schistosoma cercariae active penetration trough screen in the
immunologicaly naive vertebrate host.The clinical picture starts two to 
eight weeks after the first contact with the contaminated water. 
Susceptible patients present a syndrome comprising fever, diarrhea, 
toxemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Diagnosis is based on epidemiological 
and clinical features, presence of Schistosoma eggs in the feces, 
enlargement of abdominal lymph nodes by ultrasonography and by detection 
of high antibodies levels against the antigen keyhole limpet haemocyanin.
Different rates of cure have been observed with specific medication and 
for the most severe clinical presentations the use of steroids reduces 
the systemic and allergic manifestations.

schistosomiasis - schistosomiasis mansoni - acute phase

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