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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 16, No. 6, 2017, pp. 1443-1451
Bioline Code: pr17185
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 16, No. 6, 2017, pp. 1443-1451

 en An overview of the prevalence and distribution of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in post-war Iraq
Abdulhaleem, Noor; Mahmuda, Aliyu; Khadim, Al-Zihiry Khalid Jameel; Majid, Roslaini Abd; Lung, Leslie Than Thian; Abdullah, Wan Omar & Unyah, Zasmy


Many modern-day diagnostic tests for parasitic diseases rely on conventional labour-intensive technologies such as serology and microscopy. Although major advances have been recorded in the diagnosis of infectious diseases in humans, parasitic diseases continue to present challenges, particularly in resource-poor countries, and this is mainly attributable to war and famine. Factors such as poverty, deteriorated health facilities and destruction of infrastructure are the consequence of the lack of suitable sanitary practices and proper hygiene, especially in refugee camps, that adversely promote infectious diseases to migrants, particularly among vulnerable children. Generally, the gastrointestinal tract is the predilection site for most helminths and protozoa. They are therefore regarded as a serious public-health problem, as they cause malabsorption, malnutrition and blood loss, leading to anaemia or even death. In addition to their health effects, parasitic infections cause physical and mental impairment in children, retard their educational achievements and hinder economic development.

Prevalence; Parasitic diseases; Intestinal parasite; Food-borne; Water-borne; Pathogens; Post-war; Iraq

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