PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To analyze the role of hypofractionated radiotherapy in advanced carcinoma of cervix.
BASIC PROCEDURE: Medical records of 62 women with advanced carcinoma cervix III3 treated during 1994-1996 were reviewed. Patients were treated with standard pelvic portals to a total dose of 39Gy in 13 fractions over 17 days followed by intracavitary brachytherapy. Forty-eight patients completed the planned treatment and were considered suitable for analysis of late reactions and survival.
MAIN FINDINGS: The 5-year disease free survival was 59% and the overall survival was 50% at the mean follow up of 40 months.
Twenty-one (44%) patients developed acute gastrointestinal toxicity of which 5 patients had grade III and one patient had grade IV reaction. Ten patients (21%) developed acute genitourinary complications, 13 patients (27%) had late rectal reactions and 10 patients (20%) had late bladder complications. Three patients had grade I, five had grade II and five had grade III late rectal toxicity.
CONCLUSION: Survival in patients treated hypofractionated radiotherapy appears comparable to that of standard fractionation. The acute gastrointestinal and skin reactions were mainly grade I or grade II. Hypofractionated radiotherapy can certainly be considered in a select group of patients where the local disease is extensive and is unsuitable for conventional treatment.