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African Population Studies
Union for African Population Studies
ISSN: 0850-5780
Vol. 18, No. 2, 2003, pp. 1-26
Bioline Code: ep03008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Population Studies, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2003, pp. 1-26

 en Rural-Urban Migration and Its Effects on Infant and Child Mortality in Ghana
Amankwaa, Adansi A.; Bavon, Al & Nkansah, Paul T.


This paper examines the socioeconomic characteristics of rural-urban migrants, child mortality and maternity child health care in Ghana. Data from the 1988 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey shows that infant mortality is lower among rural-urban migrants compared to rural non-migrants. Proportional hazards model estimates reveal that the survival chances of children of rural-urban migration persist after controlling for socioeconomic characteristics. However, these advantages disappear after demographic variables are included in the model in spite of the proximity and accessibility to medical facilities enjoyed by the migrants. This finding suggests that socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of migrants could be an important determinant of the survival of children of rural-urban migrants.

Amankwaa, Adansi A.; Bavon, Al & Nkansah, Paul T.


Cet article examine les caractéristiques socio-économiques des migrants ruraux-urbains, la mortalité infantile et les soins de santé infantile dans les maternités au Ghana. Les données de l'Enquête démographique et de Santé du Ghana de 1988 ont montré que la mortalité infantile est plus faible parmi les migrants ruraux-urbains que parmi les non-migrants ruraux. Des estimations du modèle aléatoire (Proportional hazards Model) ont montré que les chances de survie des enfants issus de l'immigration rurale-urbaine augmentent si on prend en compte les caractéristiques socio-économiques. Cependant, quand on fait intervenir les variables démographiques dans ce modèle, ces avantages disparaissent malgré la proximité et l'accessibilité des centres médicaux. Ce résultat prouve que les caractéristiques socio-économiques et démographiques des migrants constituent un déterminant important de la survie des enfants issus des migrants ruraux-urbains.

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