The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 28, No. 2, 2010, pp. 143-148
Bioline Code: hn10019
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2010, pp. 143-148
© Copyright 2010 - International Centre For Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Coverage of Vitamin A Capsule Programme in Bangladesh and Risk Factors Associated with Non-Receipt of Vitamin A|
Semba, Richard D.; de Pee, Saskia; Sun, Kai; Akhter, Nasima; Bloem, Martin W. & Raju, V.K.
Vitamin A supplementation reduces child morbidity, mortality, and blindness. The coverage of the national
vitamin A programme and risk factors for not receiving vitamin A were characterized using data from the
Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2004. Of 3,745 children aged 18-59 months, 3,237 (86.4%)
received a vitamin A capsule each within the last six months. Children who missed vitamin A were more
likely to be stunted (prevalence ratio [PR] 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-1.00) and come from a
family with a previous history of mortality of children aged less than five years (PR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91-0.99).
Maternal education of .10 years (PR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04-1.13), 7-9 years (PR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04-1.12), and
1-6 years (PR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02-1.08) compared to no formal education was associated with the child not
receiving vitamin A in a multivariate model, adjusting for potential confounders. Children missed by the
vitamin A programme were more likely to come from families with lower maternal education. Special efforts
are required to ensure that the coverage of the national vitamin A programme is increased further so
that the most vulnerable children are also better protected against morbidity, mortality, and blindness.
Blindness; Child; Morbidity; Mortality; Risk factors; Vitamin A; Vitamin A deficiency; Bangladesh
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