African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 170-173
Bioline Code: hs09038
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 170-173
© Copyright 2009 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda
Pattern and outcome of childhood intestinal obstruction at a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria|
Ogundoyin, OO; Afolabi, AO; Ogunlana, DI; Lawal, TA & Yifieyeh, AC
Intestinal obstruction is a common cause of pediatric surgical emergency with a high morbidity and mortality in Africa.
A retrospective review of cases managed from January 1996 to December 2005 at a teaching hospital in Southwestern, Nigeria was done to examine the pattern of causes of intestinal obstruction in children and the management outcome.
One hundred and thirty cases were seen over the study period with an age range of 2 hours to 14 years. Majority (61.24%) were infants, while 18.46% were neonates.
Fifty-five cases (42.31%) were due to congenital causes while the rest were of acquired causes. The major causes of intestinal obstruction in the study were intussusception (29.23%), anorectal malformations (22.31%), obstructed inguinoscrotal hernia (16.92%) and Hirschsprung's disease (13.85%). Surgical site infection and sepsis were the commonest complications observed with an overall complication rate of 60.78%. The mortality rate was 3.08% and most (75%) occurred in neonates.
While mortality as an outcome of management is low, the morbidity was very high in this study.
Childhood intestinal obstruction, Pattern, Management outcome.