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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010, pp. 18-25
Bioline Code: hs10005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010, pp. 18-25

 en Blood loss and contributing factors in femoral fracture surgery
Kajja, I.; Bimenya, G.S.; Eindhoven, B.; Jan ten Duis, H. & Sibinga, C.T.S.


Background: Substantial blood losses frequently accompany orthopedic procedures.

Methods: We prospectively noted peri-operative hemoglobin changes in 93 patients undergoing surgery for femoral fracture with an aim of establishing blood loss and related factors.

Results: The mean total blood loss assessed 72 hours after the surgical procedure was 3.31 (SD 1.56) units of whole blood. A multiple regression analysis revealed diathermy use and a simple fracture pattern as significant factors in reducing blood loss (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Open intramedullary fixation of femur fractures leads to considerable peri-operative blood loss. This is can be reduced by use of diathermy during surgery.

© Copyright 2010 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda

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