Substantial blood losses frequently accompany orthopedic procedures.
We prospectively noted peri-operative hemoglobin changes in 93 patients undergoing surgery for femoral
fracture with an aim of establishing blood loss and related factors.
The mean total blood loss assessed 72 hours after the surgical procedure was 3.31 (SD 1.56) units of whole blood.
A multiple regression analysis revealed diathermy use and a simple fracture pattern as significant factors in reducing blood
Open intramedullary fixation of femur fractures leads to considerable peri-operative blood loss. This is can
be reduced by use of diathermy during surgery.