African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2011, pp. 244 - 251
Bioline Code: hs11037
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2011, pp. 244 - 251
© Copyright 2011 African Health Sciences.
Micturitional dryness and attitude of parents towards enuresis in children attending outpatient unit of a tertiary hospital in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria|
Senbanjo, I.O.; Oshikoya, K.A. & Njokanma, O.F.
Background: There is significant variability of the age at which children achieve dryness.
Objectives: We determine the age at achievement of micturational dryness and attitude of parents about enuresis among urban Nigerian children.
Method: A total of 346 questionnaires were administered to parents of children between the ages of 12 180 months who came for routine paediatric care at the outpatient unit of Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta.
Results: At age 36 months, 86 (51.8 %) and 34 (20.5 %) out of 166 children had achieved dryness at daytime and night time respectively. Achievement of dryness was significantly related to low maternal education (p = 0.022) and low social class (p = 0.009). Twenty-four (26.7 %) children had nocturnal enuresis. Four (4.4 %) of these children also had diurnal enuresis. All the parents/guardians were aware about enuresis but only 9.8 % correctly identified it as a health problem. Even though none of the children with enuresis ever visited health facility for their problem, a statistically significant proportion of the parents desire to discuss with health practitioners (p = 0.015).
Conclusions: The proportion of children achieving dryness by age 36 months is very small when compared with children from developed parts of the world. There is also a high prevalence of enuresis which are not reported. Therefore, health workers in the tropics should as a routine enquire about enuresis in their daily paediatric care particularly for those children from polygamous homes and high social clas
children, dryness, enuresis, parents, attitude