African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2011, pp. 252 - 254
Bioline Code: hs11038
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2011, pp. 252 - 254
© Copyright 2011 African Health Sciences.
Outcomes and Reasons for Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) at KCMC, a Tanzanian referral hospital, 2001-2006|
Whitaker, J.K.H.; Hall, A.B. & Dhalla, K.H.
Background: External dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a surgical intervention aimed to treat blocked nasolacrimal ducts of almost all causes. To date there is only limited data available from the Sub Saharan African setting.
Objectives: This study aimed to provide further information of the outcomes of DCR in Africa.
Methods: Records of all patients undergoing external DCR operations from January 2001 to April 2006 were systematically searched. 55 patients were identified and notes were available for 45 patients.
Results: Discharge and epiphora were resolved in 90.9% (30/33) and 84.4% (27/32) of patients respectively. Over half the cases (51.1%) were children. The commonest reason for operation was chronic dacryocystitis (51.1%). Outcomes for DCR were not significantly different for either children or adults and a clear improvement of symptoms was found in the vast majority of cases.
Conclusion: This study provides information on the outcomes of DCR in the African population. An 84.4% cure rate of epiphora and 90.9% cure rate of discharge is comparable with findings in other developing countries. This study supports the continued use of this intervention in skilled hands for treatment of blocked nasolacrimal duct.
DCR, Dacryocystorhinostomy, Africa, Outcome