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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 11, No. 4, 2011, pp. 560-565
Bioline Code: hs11112
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2011, pp. 560-565

 en Social predictors of caesarean section births in Italy
Kambale, Mastaki J


Background: Caesarean section birth is a frequent mode of delivery worldwide. Several social factors have been demonstrated to be strong predictors of caesarean births. Objectives: To identify possible social predictors of caesarean section births in Italy.
Methods: Data for this study were drawn from the Italian Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) survey conducted during year 2005 which comprised a nationally representative sample of 50,474 households (128,040 subjects). This 2005 ISTAT survey asked several questions to women who delivered (n=5,812) in the past five years prior to the survey about their delivery mode. The main dependent variables were caesarean delivery rates while independent variables included sociodemographics, health and health-related factors. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Results: Our sample comprised 5,812 women. Rate of caesarean deliveries was 36.2 percent. Age (adjOR: 0.961; p=0.000) and residence (Reference: North-West; Centre: adjOR: 0.753, p=0.001; South: adjOR: 0.484, p=0.000; Islands: adjOR: 0.629, p=0.000) were the sole social factors which were significant in predicting caesarean delivery (adjusted model).
Conclusions: Rate of caesarean delivery in Italy is rather high. Age and residence are the sole social predictors evidenced from the ISTAT 2005 survey data.

caesarean births, social predictors, Italy

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