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Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Association of Medical Microbiology
ISSN: 0255-0857
EISSN: 1998-3646
Vol. 26, No. 4, 2008, pp. 372-374
Bioline Code: mb08113
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2008, pp. 372-374

 en High rate of mutation K103N causing resistance to nevirapine in Indian children with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Sehgal, S; Pasricha, N & Singh, S


In north India the number of paediatric cases with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is on the rise. Most drug combinations used for treatment of AIDS incorporate nevirapine, resistance to which develops very fast if given singly or because of unplanned interruptions. This paper investigates presence of mutations at codon 103 and codon 215 of the HIV pol gene causing resistance to nevirapine and zidovudine (AZT) respectively in 25 children with AIDS. Mutations T215Y and K103N were detected by a nested cum amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction (ARMS PCR) and the results were confirmed by direct sequencing in five randomly selected cases. Nineteen patients had received nevirapine containing regimen and six were drug naive. Mutation K103N was observed in 56% (14/25) of the children while mutation T215Y was found in none. Two of the six drug naοve children also showed K103N mutation. Thus, Indian children drug naοve or treated with nevirapine containing regimens show a high rate of mutation conferring resistance to nevirapine which calls for a judicious use of nevirapine both in antenatal and postnatal setting.

Children with AIDS, mutation K103N, nevirapine.

© Copyright 2008 Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.
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