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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 7, No. 3, 2004, pp. 119-123
Bioline Code: md04026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2004, pp. 119-123

 en ACUTE OSTEOMYELITIS IN CHILDREN IN IBADAN, NIGERIA. IS SURGICAL DECOMPRESSION NECESSARY?
S.O. OGUNLADE, A.B. OMOLOLU AND T.O. ALONGE

Abstract

A total of 17 Children with acute osteomyelitis presenting to division of orthopaedics and trauma surgery is presented. The male:female ratio is 1:1:3, mean age of 6.12 years. The median time of illness before presentation is 8 days. The Tibia bone is the most common site of infection (52.9%) while multifocal infection occurs in 35.3% of the patient. Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources is the most common isolate (47.1%) while Salmonella typhi check for this species in other resources occurred in 23.5% of the patients, all with sickle cell disease. There was positive bone aspirate in all the patients while all patient had surgical intervention with sequential intravenous - oral antibiotic therapy with an excellent outcome in 94.1%. Surgical intervention appears to be essential to cure of acute osteomyelitis in addition to antibiotic use.

 
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