search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations


African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 10, No. 2, 2007, pp. 111-115
Bioline Code: md07015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2007, pp. 111-115

 en Pattern of Osteoarthritis Seen In Physiotherapy Facilities in Ibadan and Lagos, Nigeria
Akinpelu, Aderonke O.; Alonge, Oyindamola O.; Adekanla, Babatunde A. & Odole, Adesola C.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of disability in the elderly. Studies on its prevalence and pattern in Nigeria are few. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the pattern of OA seen in 10 physiotherapy facilities in Ibadan and Lagos. The University of Ibadan/University College Hospital Ethical Review Committee approved the study. Information on age, gender, joint affectation, impairments, disabilities and co-morbidities were recorded from the hospital files of patients with OA in each hospital. The proportion of all new patients accounted for by OA during the 3 year study period was computed. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics.The patients with OA, aged 56.8+ 12.6 years accounted for 8.9% of all (11574) new patients seen in the clinics during the study period. The female to male ratio was 3.5:1. The knee was the most frequently affected joint. Common impairments were pain (100%), reduced range of motion (75%), crepitus (64%) and joint swelling (30%). Common functional limitations were difficulty in walking long distances (42%), squatting (22.5%), standing up from sitting (18%) and climbing stairs (9%). Low back pain (10.4%) and obesity (8.6%) were the two most commonly documented comorbid conditions. It was concluded that OA is a common condition seen in the Physiotherapy facilities in Lagos and Ibadan, accounting for about 9% of new patients; it is more common in females than males (3.5:1) and the knee joint is the most frequently affected.

Keywords
Osteoarthritis, Pattern, Physiotherapy clinics, Nigeria.

 
© Copyright 2007 - Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2017, Site last up-dated on 16-Oct-2017.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil