bacille Calmette-Guèrin (BCG) represents one of the most promising live vectors for the delivery of foreign antigens to the immune system. A recombinant BCG containing a synthetic gene coding for the malarial epitopes namely, the fragment 2 of region II of EBA-175 (F2R(II)EBA) and the repeat sequence of the circumsporozoite protein NANP generated in favour of mycobacterium codon usage using assembly PCR was constructed. Two T-cell epitopes of the 6-kDa M. tuberculosis
early-secreted antigenic target (ESAT-6) antigen were also clone in the same construct. Expression of the synthetic gene was driven by the heat shock protein 65 (hsp65) promoter from M. tuberculosis
and the signal peptide from the MPT63 antigen of M. tuberculosis
. Expression of the composite epitopes was detected by Western blotting of the cell extract and culture supernatant of the recombinant clones using a specific rabbit polyclonal antibody against F2R(II)EBA. This study demonstrates the possibility of cloning and expressing immunogenic epitopes from causative agents of two important diseases: malaria and tuberculosis (TB) in a single recombinant BCG construct.