ranks high as a cause of adult pneumonia requiring hospitalization in Malaysia. To study whether extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL) producing K. pneumoniae
was linked to hospital outcomes, we retrospectively studied 441 cases of adult respiratory tract infections with microbial proven K. pneumoniae
from an urban-based university teaching hospital between 2003 and 2004. 47 (10.6%) cases had ESBL. Requirement for ventilation and median length of hospital stay, were greater in 'ESBL' than in 'non-ESBL' group [34% vs.
7.4%, p<0.001; 14 days vs.
5 days, p<0.001 respectively] but not crude hospital mortality rate [21.3% vs.
12.4%, p=0.092]. There was a four-fold increased risk of requiring ventilation [4.61 (2.72-7.85)] when ESBL was present. Our findings support the association of ESBL producing K. pneumoniae
with adversed hospital outcomes and reiterate the need for vigilance on the part of treating clinicians.