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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 15, No. 3, 2008, pp. 31-39
Bioline Code: mj08024
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2008, pp. 31-39

 en Utilization of dental general anaesthesia for children
Karim, Zarina Abdul; Musa, Normaizura & Noor, Siti Noor Fazliah Mohd

Abstract

A small number of children and adolescents need dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA), either for medical reasons or due to lack of cooperation during dental treatment. The objective of the study is to identify the type of treatment that has been carried out under GA in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). A retrospective record review study from hospital records of dental patients (under 18 years old) receiving dental treatment under GA from 2003 until 2007 were retrieved from the database. Information such as the reason for GA, and the type of treatment provided was recorded in data sheet. The data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0.1 for Windows. It was checked and verified for errors. A total of 349 cases were treated of which 43.6% had medical problems. Patients were mostly diagnosed to have rampant caries (77.1%) and some of them have behavioural problems (34.4%). Treatment pattern in deciduous dentition revealed more extraction (97.8%) as compared to restoration (75.7%) whereas in permanent dentition more restoration was done (24.3%) as compared to extraction (2.2%). Majority of the restorations were done using Glass Ionomer Cements (47.5%). Biopsy (4.3%) contributed mainly to the surgery (24.1%) done during GA. General anesthesia is necessary when dental disease is interfering with health and general well-being of patient and it can facilitated dental treatment allowing dentists to benefit from improved treatment conditions and provide a higher quality of care.

Keywords
Dental general anaesthesia, Extraction of teeth, Restorative treatment, Surgery, Rampant caries

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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