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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 16, No. 2, 2009
Bioline Code: mj09015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2009

 en Theophylline toxicity: A case report of the survival of an undiagnosed patient who presented to the emergency department
Mohamad, Nasir; Halim, Nurkhairul Nizam Abd; Ahmad, Rashidi & Baharuddin, Kamarul Aryffin


Theophylline toxicity is a life-threatening toxidrome that can present to an emergency department. To ascertain an immediate provisional diagnosis in toxicology at the emergency department is very challenging, especially when the patient presents with altered mental status, because the clinical features of several toxidromes overlap. We report a case of survival of undiagnosed theophylline toxicity that required intubation for two days in the intensive care unit. This was the first case to have been reported from our department. Accurate diagnosis of a toxidrome by gaining adequate history and conducting a thorough physical examination and early serum toxicology screening, coupled with good knowledge of toxicology, will lead to better patient outcomes.

Theophylline, toxicity, emergency medicine

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