Selection of Ideal Candidates for Epilepsy Surgery in Developing Countries|
P.J. Cherian, K. Radhakrishnan
In order to become cost-effective, epilepsy surgery centers in developing countries will have to achieve excellent results by selecting candidates destined to have a seizure-free outcome using locally available limited technology and expertise, without compromising on patient safety. Our experience illustrates that this goal can be accomplished by selecting patients, whose epileptogenic zone can be unquestionably established, based on history, magnetic resonance imaging, and interictal and ictal scalp electroencephalogram findings. Patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, and those with circumscribed potentially epileptogenic lesions belong to this category. A stepwise approach by reserving more difficult to treat patients to later date as experience develops, or by referring them to a better-equipped center, will help each center to understand its capabilities and limitations and to move forward. It would be essential to work with and educate the local public and professionals, if the epilepsy surgery program in a developing region were to have a lasting impact, It is encouraging to note that, despite major challenges, in the last one-decade, several epilepsy centers in the developing world have not only successfully implemented epilepsy surgery programs, but also have produced results comparable to that from developed countries at a fractional cost.
Developing country, Epilepsy, Presurgical evaluation, Surgery, Temporal lobe epilepsy