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Neurology India
Medknow Publications on behalf of the Neurological Society of India
ISSN: 0028-3886
EISSN: 0028-3886
Vol. 53, No. 1, 2005, pp. 41-45
Bioline Code: ni05009
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Neurology India, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2005, pp. 41-45

 en Surgery of vestibular schwannomas: An institutional experience
Jain VijendraK, Mehrotra Naveen, Sahu RabiNarayan, Behari Sanjay, Banerji Deepu, Chhabra DevendraK


AIMS: To report management results of vestibular schwannomas (VS) treated surgically in our institute, with particular reference to completeness of tumor excision, facial nerve and hearing preservation and complications of surgery.
STUDY DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Retrospective study of 259 patients treated during the years 1988 to 2002.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The facial nerve function and hearing assessment was done according to House-Brackmann [HB] grading and pure tone audiometry (PTA) respectively. All patients were operated by retro-mastoid sub-occipital approach.
RESULTS: Most patients had large tumors and had no useful hearing (90%), had disabling cerebellar ataxia (88%) and presented with features of raised intra-cranial pressure (45%). Large sized tumors were in 41.3% and giant sized tumors were in 56% cases. Complete tumor excision was carried out in 96.5% and anatomical preservation of facial nerve was achieved in 79.2% cases. Hearing preservation was achieved in 8 patients. Cerebrospinal fluid leak with or without meningitis and transient lower cranial nerve paresis were common complications. The mortality was 6%.
CONCLUSIONS: With experience, complete tumor excision with good facial nerve preservation can be achieved in large tumors. Hearing preservation is difficult in bigger tumors. Prevention and control of infection was a major concern.

Vestibular Schwannomas, cerebello-pontine angle, retro-mastoid approach, facial nerve preservation

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