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Neurology India
Medknow Publications on behalf of the Neurological Society of India
ISSN: 0028-3886
EISSN: 0028-3886
Vol. 58, No. 1, 2010, pp. 74-77
Bioline Code: ni10015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Neurology India, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2010, pp. 74-77

 en Quality of life with special respect to depression after surgical treatment of hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage
Hai, Jian; Zhang, Lin; Wang, Fei; Wan, Jue-Feng & Pan, Qing-Gang


Background : Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Place of surgery in the primary supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage is uncertain and the data on the long-term functional outcome of surgery in these patients is limited.
Aim : The aim of the study was to determine long-term functional outcome of patients undergoing surgical treatment for hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in respect to depression.
Study Design and Settings : Retrospective analysis of database of 44 patients undergoing craniotomy for hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage between December 2002 and May 2007.
Materials and Methods : Long-term was defined as at least 18 months after craniotomy. Neurological status of the patients at admission was assessed by National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). Outcome data consisted of the items including functionality, depression and quality of life. Tests applied included Barthel Index (BI), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and stroke-specific quality of life (SSQOL) scale.
Results : The long-term mortality rate was 29.5% (13/44). Of the 31 survivors, 21 (67.7%) patients had a BI $ 60, 23 (74.2%) patients had a mRS < 4 and 21 (67.7%) patients had a SSQOL $ 60%, each representing a favorable outcome. In retrospect, 19 (61.3%) patients approved the surgery. Eighteen (58.1%) patients developed depression (BDI > 9), which was related to high NIHSS and low GCS score preoperatively, low BI, high mRS and low SSQOL postoperatively.
Conclusions : The study reveals that depression is a common long-term complication after surgical treatment of hypertensive basal ganglion hemorrhage. Both the NIHSS and GCS scores before operation have critical roles in patient′s quality of life associated with depression.

Basal ganglia hemorrhage, craniotomy, depression, hypertension, quality of life

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