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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 101, No. 7, 2006, pp. 715-719
Bioline Code: oc06120
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 101, No. 7, 2006, pp. 715-719

 en Identification and molecular characterization of Van A-type vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis check for this species in other resources in Northeast of Brazil
Marinalda Anselmo Vilela; Sandra Lavareda de Souza; Izabel Cristina Vanzato Palazzo; Joseane Cristina Ferreira; Marcos Antonio de Morais Jr; Ana Lúcia da Costa Darini & Márcia Maria Camargo de Morais

Abstract

The isolation of vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) in Brazil has rapidly increased, following the world wide tendency. We report in the present study the first isolation of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis check for this species in other resources (VRE) in the Northeast of Brazil. The four VRE isolates were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypic typing by macro restriction of chromosomal DNA followed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and for characterization of the Tn1546-like element and plasmid contents. The isolates showed resistance to multiple antibiotics and a single genotype profile, suggesting the dissemination of a single clone among the patients. Tn1546 associated to genetic elements as plasmids shows the importance of infection control measures to avoid the spreading of glycopetide resistance by conjugative transfer of VanA elements.

Keywords
vancomycin resistance - Enterococcus faecalis - transposable elements

 
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