A stable microbial system in the respiratory tract acts as an important defense mechanism against pathogenic microorganisms. Perturbations in this system may allow pathogens to establish. In an ecological environment such as the respiratory tract, there are many diverse factors that play a role in the establishment of the indigenous flora. In the present work we studied the normal microbial flora of different areas of the respiratory tract of mice and their evolution from the time the mice were born. Our interest was to know which were the dominant groups of microorganisms in each area, which were the first
capable of colonizing and which dominated over time to be used as probiotic microorganisms.
Our results show that Gram negative facultatively anaerobic bacilli and strict anaerobic
microorganisms were the last ones to appear in the bronchia, while aerobic and Gram
positive cocci were present in all the areas of the respiratory tract. The number of facultative
aerobes and strict anaerobes were similar in the nasal passage, pharynx instilled and trachea,
but lower in bronchia.
The dominant species were Streptococcus viridans
, followed by S. epidermidis
, Lactobacilli and S. cohnii
which were present on every studied days but at different proportions.
This paper is the first part of a research topic investigating the protective effect of the
indigenous flora against pathogens using the mice as an experimental model.