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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 8, No. 3, 2009, pp. 149-153
Bioline Code: os09031
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2009, pp. 149-153

 en Evaluation of palatal arches made from low-nickel stainless steel wire
dos Santos, Rogério Lacerda; Pithon, Matheus Melo; de Souza, Margareth Maria Gomes; Bolognese, Ana Maria & Araújo, Mônica Tirre de Souza

Abstract

Aim: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference between stainless steel wires and low-nickel stainless steel ones regarding their mechanical behavior. Force, resilience and elasticity modulus produced by Coffin, “W” arch, and Quad-helix appliances made of 0.032-inch and 0.036-inch wires were evaluated.
Methods: Fifteen appliances of each type (Coffin, "W" arch, and Quad-helix) were made according to metal alloy and wire thickness. All arches (12 groups of 15 appliances each) were submitted to mechanical compression test by using an EMIC DL-10000 machine simulating activations of 5, 8, 10, and 12 mm. Analysis of variance with multiple comparisons and Tukey’s test were used (P < 0.05) for analyzing statistically force and resilience data.
Results: The results showed that mechanical properties depended on shape of the appliance, diameter of the wire, amount of activation, and metal alloy.
Conclusions: Appliances made from lownickel stainless steel alloy had higher release of force, resilience and elasticity modulus compared to those made of stainless steel alloy.

Keywords
orthodontics, malocclusion, nickel, hypersensitivity

 
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