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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 18, No. 3, 2008, pp. 213-221
Bioline Code: pe08034
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2008, pp. 213-221

 en Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) Cells Spontaneously Differentiate into Dendritic-cell Like Populations
Shayan, Parviz

Abstract

Objective: Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare myelodysplastic/ myeloproliferative malignancy of early childhood, characterized by monocytosis, hepatos­plenomegaly and an aggressive clinical course.
Methods: In semi-solid culture JMML progenitor cells proliferate spontaneously into colony forming units. In order to study the mechanisms of proliferation and differentiation of JMML cells we developed a suspension culture system without additional exogenous growth factor supplement. Mononuclear cells (MNC) from peripheral blood, bone marrow or spleen of 14 patients with JMML and 24 controls were studied.
Findings: JMML cells expressed higher levels of the proliferation marker Ki67 (median 24% [7-39%] vs a median of 3.5% in controls). 90% of JMML cells were CD68-positive (vs 35% in controls) and by day 7 all JMML samples contained CD1a- positive cells. Electron microscopy demonstrated cytoplasmic vesicular structures resembling multilamellar MHC II compare­timents, which together with the expression of CD1a - support a dendritic cell (DC)-phenotype.
Conclusion: Differentiation into CD1a-positive DC seems to be a frequent phenomenon in cultured JMML MNC, which in vivo may contribute to clinical characteristics such as skin and organ infiltration.

Keywords
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia; CD1a; Dendritic cells; Suspension cell culture; Electron microscopy; Immunostaining

 
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