Clinical Profile and Outcome in Children of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in North India|
Dhooria, Gurdeep S.; Bhat, Deepak & Bains, Harmesh S.
The number of dengue fever (DF)/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) cases reported in India has risen in recent years. This study was undertaken to evaluate clinical profile and outcome of children admitted with DHF/dengue shock syndrome (DSS), in the 2006 DHF epidemic in Ludhiana, Punjab.
Eighty one children with dengue hemorrhagic fever were hospitalized in the Pediatric Department of Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India. All patients were diagnosed, managed and monitored according to a standard protocol.
Children between 10-15 years were most commonly afflicted (59%). Infants were the least affected sub-group (3.7%). Ninety two percent of all children were of DHF and 8% cases presented in DSS. The common symptoms seen were fever (91%), vomiting (41%), poor intake (21%), abdominal pain (16%) and significant bleeding (15%). Hepatomegaly was present in 60% of cases. 85% of cases had petechiae alone, 15% had evidence of significant bleeding manifestation. Gastrointestinal bleeding was the commonest observed bleeding. The complications seen were liver dysfunction (14.8%), coagulopathy (3.7%), renal dysfunction (3.7%), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (2.4%) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (1.2%). Mortality in the study was 3.7%. Refractory shock and coagulopathy were seen in all cases with poor outcome.
Increased awareness, better transport facilities and case management according to the WHO guidelines, is needed to further reduce mortality of DHF/DSS cases.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever; Dengue shock syndrome; Epidemic; Mortality