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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 2008-2150
Vol. 19, No. 4, 2009, pp. 425-429
Bioline Code: pe09054
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2009, pp. 425-429

 en A Case of Megalencephalic Leukoencephalopathy with Subcortical Cysts in an Iranian Consanguineous Family
Ashrafi, Mahmoud Reza; Kariminejad, Ariana; Alizadeh, Houman; Bozorgmehr, Bita; Amoeian, Sepideh & Kariminejad, Mohammad-Hasan

Abstract

Background: Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by macrocephaly, and slowly progressive clinical course marked by ataxia, spasticity and mental decline. MLC is caused by mutations in the gene MLC1 which encodes a novel protein, MLC1.
Conclusion: A 4-year-old girl with macrocephaly, spasticity, ataxia and abnormal cerebral white matter and subcortical cysts in brain MRI diagnosed with MLC. This is the first report of MLC in an Iranian family.
Conclusion: MLC1 should be considered in children with macrocephaly and slowly progressive psychomotor decline. This disease can be prenatally diagnosed and genetic counseling offered for future pregnancies.

Keywords
Macrocephaly; Leukoencephalopathy; Megalencephaly; MLC1 gene

 
© © 2009 by Center of Excellence for Pediatrics, Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences,All rights reserved.
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