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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 13, No. 4, 2014, pp. 613-616
Bioline Code: pr14088
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2014, pp. 613-616

 en Fatty Acid Composition of the Aerial Parts of Some Centaurea Species in Elazıg, Turkey
Erdogan, Tugce; Gonenc, Tuba; Cakilcioglu, Ugur & Kivcak, Bijen

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the fatty acid composition of six Centaurea species, viz, Centaurea behen check for this species in other resources , C. saligna, C. depressa, C. urvillei subsp. urvillei, C. urvillei subsp. hayekiana and C. aggregata subsp. aggregata, from Elazığ, Turkey.
Methods: Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) of the oil extracts of four Centaurea species were prepared. The fatty acid compositions of Centaurea species were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC).
Results: Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) in Centaurea species and subspecies ranged from 24.61 - 50.92% of their total fatty acid content, while monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) were in the range of 3.40 - 37.96% and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) 12.21 - 20.57%. Palmitic acid C 16:0, oleic acid C 18:1 ω9 and linoleic acid C 18:1 ω3 were the major fatty acids in all the species. Oleic acid was the main constituent of C. urvillei subps. urvillei and C. agrregata subsp. aggregata with a content of 26.92 and 50.92%, respectively.
Conclusıon: The oil extracted from Centaurea species is a good source of essential fatty acids.

Keywords
Centaurea; Fatty acid; Palmitic acid; Oleic acid; Linoleic acid

 
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