Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
Vol. 9, No. 1, 2011, pp. 21-24
Bioline Code: rm11004
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2011, pp. 21-24
© Copyright 2011 - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study|
Malekshah, Abbasali Karimpour; Moghaddam, Amir Esmailnejad; Moslemizadeh, Narges; Peivandi, Sepideh; Barzegarnejad, Ayyub; Musanejad, Nadali & Jursayee, Gholamali
Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran.
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran.
Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable birth after at least 1 year of unprotected intercourse and were fully investigated.
Results: Of the entire samples, 78.7% had primary infertility and 21.3% had secondary infertility. The mean duration of infertility in couples was 5.7±4 years. The etiology of infertility in couples revealed; male factor in 38.9%, female factor in 34.7%, combined factors in 14.6% and undetermined cause in 11.8%.
Conclusion: In this study, delayed attendance of infertile couples to the infertility clinic was found. Therefore, there is a need to revise public health program on infertility to focus on the education and prevention of infertility and its risk factors.
Primary infertility, Secondary infertility, Male factor, Ovarian dysfunction, Varicocel
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