An investigation on Kangan gas refinery wastewater|
S. M. T. Sadatipour, L. Mirzaie and A. A.Rezaei
Kangan Gas Refinery is one of the greatest gas refineries in Iran. Environmental affects of this refinery should be assessed because of its high economic importance, as well as its considerable revenue. Since the gas refinery is classified in highly polluted industry, therefore the impact of wastewater the refinery should be determined. This research is carried out on March 2002 at Kangan refinery, which is located in Kangan city, southern part of Iran. The gas refinery wastewater generally includes oil, hydrocarbon materials and chemical additives, which are in the form of emulsion in water. The following parameters, such as oil and grease, PAHs, BOD, TH, turbidity, COD, EC, pH, TSS, SiO2, PO4 are determined in wastewater of the refinery in order to determine the amount of pollutants, which are affecting the area where the refinery is located. The oil and grease are analyzed by FTIR and PAHs are determined by UV-Luminance and physico-chemical parameters are determined according to the Standard Methods. The results show that although pollution of the refinery wastewater is within world permissible limits (EPA), but since the area is affected by the wastewater and surrounding area is confined with river basin it could be concluded that pollutants, which are discharged to the echo environment, are not in the permissible limits of the similar Industries.
PAHs, oil and grease, physical and chemical parameters, refinery wastewater