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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 7, No. 3, 2010, pp. 509-518
Bioline Code: st10050
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2010, pp. 509-518

 en Multiscale estimation of the Freundlich adsorption isotherm
Nounou, M. & Nounou, H.

Abstract

Adsorption plays an important role in water and wastewater treatment. The analysis and design of processes that involve adsorption rely on the availability of isotherms that describe these adsorption processes. Adsorption isotherms are usually estimated empirically from measurements of the adsorption process variables. Unfortunately, these measurements are usually contaminated with errors that degrade the accuracy of estimated isotherms. Therefore, these errors need to be filtered for improved isotherm estimation accuracy. Multiscale wavelet based filtering has been shown to be a powerful filtering tool. In this work, multiscale filtering is utilized to improve the estimation accuracy of the Freundlich adsorption isotherm in the presence of measurement noise in the data by developing a multiscale algorithm for the estimation of Freundlich isotherm parameters. The idea behind the algorithm is to use multiscale filtering to filter the data at different scales, use the filtered data from all scales to construct multiple isotherms and then select among all scales the isotherm that best represents the data based on a cross validation mean squares error criterion. The developed multiscale isotherm estimation algorithm is shown to outperform the conventional time-domain estimation method through a simulated example.

Keywords
Freundlich isotherm; Multiscale representation; Noise filtering; Parameter estimation

 
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