Heavy metal contamination and its indexing approach for river water|
Reza, R. & Singh, G.
The objective of the study is to reveal the seasonal variations in the river water quality with respect to heavy
metals contamination. To get the extend of trace metals contamination, water samples were collected from twelve different
locations along the course of the river and its tributaries on summer and the winter seasons. The concentrations of trace metals
such as cadmium, cromium, copper, cobalt, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, mercury and zinc were determined using atomic
absorption spectrophotometer. Most of the samples were found within limit of Indian drinking water standard (IS: 10500).
The data generated were used to calculate the heavy metal pollution index of river water. The mean values of HPI were 36.19
in summer and 32.37 for winter seasons and these values are well below the critical index limit of 100 because of the sufficient
flow in river system. Mercury and chromium could not be traced in any of the samples in the study area.
Heavy metal pollution index; Industrial pollution; Seasonal variation