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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 13, No. 6, 2016, pp. 1591-1606
Bioline Code: st16150
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2016, pp. 1591-1606

 en Advanced approach for degradation of recalcitrant by nanophotocatalysis using nanocomposites and their future perspectives
Padmanaban, V. C.; Giri Nandagopal, M. S.; Madhangi Priyadharshini, G.; Maheswari, N.; Janani Sree, G. & Selvaraju, N.

Abstract

Industrial effluents containing persistent pollutants play a significant role in environmental pollution. Classical techniques such as chlorination, coagulation, ion flotation, membrane process and sedimentation that have been used to decontaminate polluted water are incapable of efficient degradation due to the generation of secondary pollutants. Photocatalysis, an advanced oxidation process in which the photoreaction is accelerated by the irradiation of catalyst, has shown efficient degradation of recalcitrant in water system. Usage of nanoparticles as homogenous photocatalyst has become prevalent due to their improved properties such as large surface-to-volume ratio, controlled uniform particle size and its composition which enhances the degradation rate. The recombination of holes and electron pair which is considered to be the limitation in homogenous system can be overcome by nanocomposites or heterogeneous photocatalysts. This system decreases the rate of recombination, leading to effective degradation of individual pollutants because of their enhanced physicochemical and structural properties. In recent years, heterogeneous nanophotocatalytic processes employing titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) composites have gained immense research interest as an effective wastewater treatment method because of its efficacy in decomposing and mineralizing the hazardous organic and inorganic pollutants utilizing the UV and visible photons. This paper reviews about the process, synthesis and parameters influencing photocatalytic reaction and their kinetics with much emphasize on types of nanoparticles and nanocomposites and its application in wastewater treatment.

Keywords
Degradation; Nanocomposites; Photocatalysis; Titanium dioxide (TiO2); Zinc oxide (ZnO)

 
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