A new species, Sinocyclocheilus huangtianensis
, is found from a cave of Hejiang River, Hezhou, Guangxi, China. This river is a tributary of the Pearl River. It is similar to S. jii
, distributed in Hejiang and S. guilinensis
distributed in Lijiang by having a soft dorsal spine without serration and normal eyes. The combination of the following characteristics makes this new species different to S. jii
and S. guilinensis
: (1) the lateral line scales 52-59, up lateral line scales 17-23, the down lateral line cales 16-17, the circumpeduncular scales 40-46; (2) gill raker 9-10; (3) eye diameter/SL 4.3-5.4%; (4) interorbital width /SL 9.2-9.6%; and (5) mouth width/SL 6.0-7.3%.