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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 32, No. 4, 2014, pp. 608-614
Bioline Code: hn14127
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2014, pp. 608-614

 en Dietary Quality Maintained among Overweight Brazilian Women Enrolled in a Primary Healthcare Service
Horta, Paula Martins; Lopes, Aline Cristine Souza & dos Santos, Luana Caroline


The present study aimed to evaluate the dietary quality maintained among 113 overweight [body mass index (BMI) ≥25.0 kg/m²] women aged ≥20 years, who were enrolled in a Brazilian primary healthcare service in 2009. Dietary quality was evaluated using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-1995, which was adapted in the Brazilian context. Statistical analysis included linear regression adjusted by self-reporting energy intake. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m²), elevated waist-circumference, and excessive body-fat were 85.8%, 98.2%, and 100% respectively. Data on dietary quality indicated an HEI score of 66.6 (11.3), with low mean scores for ‘milk and dairy products’ (2.6) and ‘vegetables’ (3.1). The calcium (ß=0.40) and vitamin C (ß=0.27) intake was positively associated with the HEI score. Fat (ß=−0.38) and sodium (ß=−0.21) intake and protein adequacy (ß=−18.17) were inversely associated with the dietary quality. We found that the dietary quality in this study population needs improvement, demonstrating the importance of nutritional counselling within the primary healthcare service.

Diet; Diet surveys; Epidemiology; Primary healthcare; Brazil

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