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Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Medknow Publications
ISSN: 0973-2284
EISSN: 0973-2284
Vol. 15, No. 1, 2011, pp. 29-32
Bioline Code: oe11007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2011, pp. 29-32

 en Health problems among migrant construction workers: A unique public-private partnership project
Adsul, Balkrishna B.; Laad, Payal S.; Howal, Prashant V. & Chaturvedi, Ramesh M.


Background: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labor in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. In a unique public-private partnership project, a medical team from a public sector teaching hospital in Mumbai provided comprehensive on-site health care services to the construction workers of a private construction company.
Objective: To study socio-demographic profile and morbidity pattern of construction workers.
Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study at construction site Vidyavihar (West), Mumbai, was carried out over the period of May to November 2010.
Materials and Methods: A medical team provided comprehensive on-site health care services, and a Health Card was devised to maintain the record of socio-demographic, occupational details, and complete physical examination findings of the workers who participated in the study.
Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0.
Results: Of the 1337 workers (all males) examined, 1289 (96.4%) belonged to 15-45 years age group. The mean age of the workers was 26.25 ± 8.49 years. A third of the migrants belonged to West Bengal. The average number of health problems in the workers was 1.41. Regular consumers of tobacco and alcohol were 50.48 and 14.65%, respectively. Nearly one-fifth of the workers had febrile illness, of which 20.71% had suspected malaria; 12.6% had respiratory infections, while 3.4% were found to have hypertension. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.05) between type of occupation and morbidity status.

Construction sector, health profile, migrant laborers

© Copyright 2011 Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
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