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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 1018-4406
Vol. 22, No. 2, 2012, pp. 265-268
Bioline Code: pe12047
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2012, pp. 265-268

 en Nephrotic Syndrome Following H1N1 Influenza in a 3-Year-Old Boy
Ferrara, Pietro; Gatto, Antonio; Vitelli, Ottavio; Liberatore, Pio; Bufalo, Francesca del & Bottaro, Giorgia


Background: The pandemic influenza A/H1N1, spread through the world in 2009, producing a serious epidemic in Italy. Complications are generally limited to patients at the extremes of age (<6 months or >65 years) and those with comorbid medical illness. The most frequent complications of influenza involve the respiratory system.
Case Presentation: A 3-year-old boy with a recent history of upper respiratory tract infection developed a nephrotic syndrome. Together with prednisone, furosemide and albumin bolus, a therapy with oseltamivir was started since the nasopharyngeal swab resulted positive for influenza A/H1N1. Clinical conditions and laboratory findings progressively improved during hospitalization, becoming normal during a 2 month follow up.
Conclusion: The possibility of a renal involvement after influenza A/H1N1 infection should be considered.

Influenza A; H1N1; Nephrotic Syndrome; Oseltamivir; Prednisone

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