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Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Press
ISSN: 1018-4406
EISSN: 1018-4406
Vol. 26, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-8
Bioline Code: pe16012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-8

 en Pediatric Coronary Artery Revascularization Surgery: Development and Effects on Survival, Cardiac Events and Graft Patency for Children With Kawasaki Disease Coronary Involvements
Kitamura, Soichiro


Pediatric coronary artery bypass surgery gained wide acceptance with the introduction of internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) for bypass operations for post Kawasaki disease (KD) lesions. The technique is now established as the standard surgical choice, and its safety even in infancy, graft patency, growth potential, graft longevity and clinical efficacy have been well documented. In this article the author reviews the development of pediatric coronary bypass as the main indication for the treatment of coronary lesions due to KD. I believe that coronary revascularization surgery in pediatric population utilizing uni- or bilateral ITAs is the current gold-standard as the most reliable treatment, although percutaneous coronary intervention with or without a stent has been tried with vague long-term results in children.

Coronary Bypass, Pediatrics, Kawasaki Disease, ITA (Internal Thoracic Artery), Saphenous Vein Graft, Graft Patency, Long-Term Survival, Cardiac Events

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