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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 4, No. 2, 2005, pp. 517-521
Bioline Code: pr05014
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2005, pp. 517-521

 en Evaluation of SAR for Amphotericin B Derivatives by Artificial Neural Network
S Sardari and M Dezfulian


Aim: This study was designed to investigate the role of several descriptive structure-activity features in the antifungal drug, amphotericin B and analyze them by artificial neural networks.
Method: Artificial neural networks (ANN) based on the back-propagation algorithm were applied to a structure-activity relationship (SAR) study for 17 amphotericin B derivatives with antifungal and membrane directed activity. A series of modified ANN architectures was made and the best result provided the ANN model for prediction of antifungal activity using the structural and biologic property descriptors.
Results: The best architecture, in terms of cycles of calculation was 12-15-2. Among the most important factors were biological descriptors that correlated best with the model produced by ANN. Among the chemical and structural descriptors, positive charge on Y substitution was found to be the most important, followed by lack of availability of free carboxyl and parachor.
Conclusion: This model is found to be useful to elucidate the structural requirements for the antifungal activity and can be applied in the design and activity prediction of the new amphotericin B derivatives.

Amphotericin B, SAR, Artificial Neural Network.

© Copyright 2005. Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
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