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VITAE Academia Biomédica Digital
Centro de Análisis de Imágenes Biomédicas Computarizadas-CAIBC0
ISSN: 1317-987x
No. 55, 2013
Bioline Code: va13018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

VITAE Academia Biomédica Digital, No. 55, 2013

 en Impaired Fasting Glucose In Adolescents From Two Schools of Tachira State. Venezuela
Molina Albarracin, Saravik; Cárdenas Oliveros, Kathia; Blanco Andrade, Yasmira C.; Barajas Duque, Francisco J. & Quintero Marín, Eduardo E.


Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or pre-diabetes is a metabolic state intermediate between normal glycemia and diabetes mellitus, its presence detects future cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: To determine the frequency of (IFG) in adolescents from two educational units, of Tachira, Venezuela. Methods: This investigation was designed as a descriptive, transversal and field study. 146 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, 63% female and 37% male participated in the study. The variables studied were sex, age, weight, height, body mass index, family and personal history, anthropometric and fasting capillary blood glucose measurements. Results: 9.6% (14/146) had IFG, 9 female and 5 male, most often at age 16 years. 13/14 had a family history of diabetes and 11/14 had overweight. Conclusion: We conclude that IFG should be diagnosed in adolescents for early intervention measures and prevention of Diabetes Mellitus.

blood glucose; prediabetes; diabetes; adolescents; Tachira; Venezuela

 es Glucemia en ayunas alterada en adolescentes de dos unidades educativas del estado Táchira
Molina Albarracin, Saravik; Cárdenas Oliveros, Kathia; Blanco Andrade, Yasmira C.; Barajas Duque, Francisco J. & Quintero Marín, Eduardo E.


La glucemia en ayunas alterada (GAA) o prediabetes es un estado metabólico intermedio, entre la glucemia normal y la diabetes mellitus, su presencia detecta futuros casos de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de GAA en adolescentes de dos unidades educativas, del estado Táchira-Venezuela. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y de campo, participaron 146 adolescentes entre 12 y 17 años, 63% de sexo femenino y 37% masculino. Las variables estudiadas fueron sexo, edad, peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, antecedentes familiares y personales, medidas antropométricas y glucemia capilar en ayunas. Resultados: El 9,6% (14/146) presentó GAA, 9 de sexo femenino y 5 de masculino, con mayor frecuencia a los 16 años. 13/14 tenían antecedentes familiares de diabetes y 11/14 de sobrepeso. Conclusión: Se concluye que debe diagnosticarse GAA en los adolescentes para medidas de intervención precoz y prevención de Diabetes Mellitus.

Glucemia; prediabetes; diabetes; adolescentes; Táchira; Venezuela

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